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雕塑的主体框架结构形式有哪些?

发布日期: 2019-08-09 来源:http://www.mmyljg.com 点击: 发布人:admin

  雕像的主体框架的结构形式各异,规模较大的雕像,通常可以采用以下主体框架的结构形式,作为其主要承重结构。

  The main frame of the statue has different structural forms and large-scale statues. Usually, the following main frame structure forms can be used as its main bearing structure.
  (1)钢筋混凝土框架结构
  (1) Reinforced concrete frame structure
  铜像的钢筋混凝土框架结构与一般建筑工程相似。它主要由钢筋混凝土梁和现浇柱组成。其优点是结构整体刚度大,工程造价低;缺点是,相对于钢结构而言,由于重量大,施工周期长,与辅助支架连接不方便。
  The reinforced concrete frame structure of the bronze statue is similar to that of general construction projects. It is mainly composed of reinforced concrete beams and cast-in-place columns. Its advantage is that the overall stiffness of the structure is large and the cost of the project is low. The disadvantage is that, compared with steel structure, it is inconvenient to connect with auxiliary support because of its large weight and long construction period.
  (2)钢筋混凝土筒体结构
  (2) Reinforced concrete tube structure
  雕像的钢筋混凝土筒体结构与高层建筑筒体结构相似,可以设计为筒体、方筒体或椭圆筒体。其优点是整体结构刚度大,抗风、抗震性能好,易于配合电梯轴的使用功能;缺点是,只适用于垂直较规则的立像(通常称为“立像”),一般必须通过设置子框架结构,才能与子支架和墙体连接。
  The reinforced concrete cylinder structure of the statue is similar to the tube structure of high-rise buildings. It can be designed as a cylinder, a square cylinder or an elliptical cylinder. Its advantage is that the whole structure has high stiffness, good wind resistance and seismic performance, and it is easy to cooperate with the use function of elevator shaft. The disadvantage is that it is only suitable for vertical and regular images (usually called "vertical images"), which can be connected with sub-brackets and walls only by setting up sub-frame structures.
  3)钢桁架结构
  3) Steel truss structure
  雕像的钢桁架结构是由方钢管、圆钢管或角钢等异型钢构件通过连接板连接而成的铰接式结构。其优点是成员之间的连接要求不高,可用于螺栓连接或焊接,施工难度低,重量轻,结构通过设置任意方向杆的空间,更容易满足雕像的外部轮廓的要求,一般不需要设置一对框架结构,可以直接与副支持;缺点是结构整体刚度不够大,必须设置大量的斜撑杆,形成几何三角形桁架结构,内部构件杂乱。
山东景观雕塑
  The steel truss structure of the statue is an articulated structure composed of square steel pipe, round steel pipe or angle steel members connected by connecting plates. Its advantage is that the connection requirements between members are not high, and can be used for bolt connection or welding. The construction difficulty is low and the weight is light. By setting the space of any direction bar, the structure can more easily meet the requirements of the external contour of the statue. Generally, there is no need to set a pair of frame structures, which can be directly supported with the auxiliary support. The disadvantage is that the overall stiffness of the structure is not large enough, so it must be. A large number of diagonal braces must be set up to form a geometric triangular truss structure with disordered internal components.
  (4)钢框架结构
  (4) Steel frame structure
  钢框架结构的造型一般由H型钢或槽钢、大截面方钢管等刚性连接成框架结构。钢桁架结构除了具有钢桁架结构的优点外,由于钢桁架结构中很少或没有倾斜支承构件,因此内部空间相对简单,施工速度较快。缺点是杆与杆之间的连接要求较高。
  The shape of steel frame structure is usually rigidly connected into frame structure by H-section steel or channel steel and large section square steel pipe. In addition to the advantages of steel truss structure, there are few or no inclined supporting members in steel truss structure, so the internal space is relatively simple and the construction speed is faster. The disadvantage is that the connection requirement between the rod and the rod is high.
  (5)钢网结构
  (5) Steel mesh structure
  钢网架结构是指钢管通过高强螺栓或直接焊接到加工过的钢球上,形成螺栓球或焊接球的空间网架结构。其优点是棒材和节点的加工可在专用设备上进行,生产效率高,加工精度高,现场装配速度快。缺点是不适合形状不规则的雕塑结构。否则,由于杆件数量多,节点种类多,角度不规则,安装难度大,综合成本高。
  Steel grid structure refers to the space grid structure in which steel tubes are welded directly to the processed steel balls through high-strength bolts to form bolt balls or welded balls. Its advantages are that bar and joint processing can be carried out on special equipment, high production efficiency, high processing accuracy, and fast on-site assembly. The disadvantage is that it is not suitable for irregular sculpture structure. Otherwise, due to the number of rods, the variety of joints, irregular angles, difficult installation and high comprehensive cost.

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